Covid-19: New fear grips Europe as cases top 30m worldwide

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The virus seems to be spreading a lot sooner in India than every other nation

The variety of confirmed coronavirus cases throughout the globe has surpassed 30 million, in keeping with figures by America’s Johns Hopkins University.

More than 940,000 have died with Covid-19 for the reason that outbreak started in China late final 12 months.

The US, India and Brazil have probably the most confirmed cases, however there’s a renewed spike in infections throughout Europe.

Many northern hemisphere nations are actually bracing for a second wave of the pandemic as winter approaches.

In the UK, the federal government is contemplating taking additional England-wide measures together with a brief interval of restrictions to attempt to gradual a second surge of infections.

Outside Europe, Israel brings in a second nationwide lockdown in a while Friday – the primary nation to take action.

Africa has recorded greater than one million confirmed cases, though the true extent of the pandemic within the continent shouldn’t be recognized. Testing charges are reported to be low, which might distort official figures.

What is occurring in key nations?

A group of infectious illness specialists at Johns Hopkins University, within the US metropolis of Baltimore, have been documenting the worldwide unfold of Covid-19 on its monitoring web site.

According to their information, the US stays by far the worst-hit nation when it comes to sheer numbers, with greater than 6.6 million confirmed infections, and over 197,000 deaths.

The variety of new each day infections has been dropping, although, after a spike in July.

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Media captionCDC director vs President Trump on face masks and vaccines

Earlier this week, President Donald Trump denied downplaying the seriousness of Covid-19, regardless of admitting in a recorded interview to having performed that.

In India, the variety of recognized infections climbed above 5 million this week – the second-highest caseload on the earth.

When evaluating figures from totally different nations you will need to keep in mind components such as inhabitants measurement and density. For occasion, India has a inhabitants of 1.3bn folks.

However, the virus seems to be spreading a lot sooner in India than every other nation, with each day cases topping 90,000 in current days. More than 80,000 folks have died, amid reviews of shortages of intensive care beds and oxygen provides.

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Brazil has had greater than 4.Four million confirmed cases, with greater than 134,000 fatalities – the second-highest dying toll after the US.

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Media captionBolsonaro eliminated his masks after saying he had examined constructive for coronavirus

President Jair Bolsonaro has come underneath criticism for downplaying coronavirus, notably after attending an anti-lockdown rally. The right-wing chief – who had been calling the virus a “little flu” – himself examined constructive in July.

Argentina and Mexico have additionally been hit laborious by the outbreak in Latin America.

Argentina on Thursday reported practically 13,000 extra cases over a 24-hour interval, pushing the nation’s general complete above 600,000.

Meanwhile, Mexico confirmed greater than 3,000 each day infections, bringing the caseload to greater than 680,000.

At the identical time, deaths per 100,000 folks differ considerably from nation to nation, with San Marino, Peru and Belgium having the best charges, and India one of many lowest.

In the desk beneath, nations could be reordered by deaths, dying price and complete cases. In the colored bars on the right-hand facet, nations wherein cases have risen to greater than 5,000 per day are these with black bars on the related date.

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This info is often up to date however might not replicate the newest totals for every nation.

** The previous information for brand new cases is a 3 day rolling common. Due to revisions within the variety of cases, a median can’t be calculated for this date.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, nationwide public well being companies and UN inhabitants information

Figures final up to date: 18 September 2020, 10:57 BST

The new coronavirus first got here to gentle after China reported a cluster of infections within the metropolis of Wuhan in December 2019. It has come underneath hearth for being gradual to acknowledge the outbreak, permitting gatherings to happen even as considerations grew and punishing medical doctors for warning others.

It has since been praised for successfully slowing the unfold of the virus, after imposing an enormous lockdown and rising hospital capability. It has to this point confirmed 90,000 cases and 4,700 deaths, in keeping with Johns Hopkins, though there have been considerations of underreporting.

What is the scenario in Europe?

Surging coronavirus figures on the continent ought to serve as “a wake-up name”, the World Health Organization’s regional director has mentioned.

Speaking in Copenhagen on Thursday, Hans Kluge mentioned prior to now two weeks the variety of new cases had doubled in additional than half of European member states.

He mentioned that 300,000 new infections have been reported throughout Europe final week alone and weekly cases had exceeded these reported throughout the first peak in March.

According to the WHO, there have been 5 million confirmed cases and greater than 228,000 fatalities throughout Europe for the reason that pandemic started.

Is there gentle on the finish of the tunnel?

A lot of nations and corporations are piling sources into discovering a vaccine that’s protected and efficient.

President Trump has just lately mentioned a vaccine is likely to be accessible earlier than the three November presidential elections – regardless of warnings from plenty of well being specialists that that is unrealistic.

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Russia in August licensed a vaccine for native use – the primary nation to take action. Russian scientists later revealed the primary report on the vaccine, saying early assessments confirmed indicators of an immune response.

But specialists warned that the trials have been too small to show effectiveness and security.

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No vaccine has but accomplished medical trials, main some scientists to fear politics moderately than well being and security is driving the push for the doable treatment.

There are additionally considerations that the race to get a vaccine might be gained by the richest nations, on the expense of probably the most susceptible.

At the identical time, greater than 150 totally different medicine are being researched to determine therapies for folks with extreme Covid-19.

Of all of the medicine being trialled, solely steroids have been confirmed to save lots of lives and the invention has been a big breakthrough.

The UK’s Recovery trial confirmed the steroid dexamethasone minimize the chance of dying by a 3rd for sufferers on ventilators and by a fifth for these on oxygen.

And additional information suggests one other steroid, hydrocortisone, is equally efficient too.

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